This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. More people are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the plant and integrate it into their eating habits. Because aphid populations are generally clumped within fields, each field should be uniformly sampled. Its lovely arching flower stems are best displayed as a hanging plant. Photographic images and information about spiders and other Arachnids in the East Africa nation of Kenya The leaves and seeds of spider plant are used in indigenous medicine in several countries. Pests and diseases are not usually serious and spraying with insecticides is not recommended even when aphids appear to become problematic. In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. A Beginners Guide to Onion Farming in Kenya Jul 22nd 2016 50 percent of the red onions in Kenya are imported from Tanzania, as indicated by Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) 2014 report.... Continue reading → You will thus expeditiously see that every inquiry can be answered by a bureau competent in video marketing in Kenya. Leaves (often with flowers) widely used as vegetable in Kenya, especially in western and coastal regions. (contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). They are common in western Kenya, Nyanza and major urban markets in the country. Pure stands in Nairobi were observed to be attacked by flea beetles (Phyllotreta mashonana). The larvae generally feed on the plant roots, but usually do not cause economic damage. 2. The appropriate bed length depends on the amount of the crop to be grown, but may not exceed three metres. This ARF project has been finalized and has published its final results, confirming that there is a growing demand in spider plant in urban areas. The team collected data about the agronomic performance as well as farmers’ perceptions on Spider plant cultivation during two growing seasons. Next add 1/4 litre of dilute coconut milk and boil for 10 minutes. It thrives on sandy loam soils but does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy clay soils. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). The Australian New Crops Newsletter, Issue No. and Kabuye, C.H.S. Cat's whiskers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. Spider plant originated in Africa and Tropical Asia but now has a worldwide distribution. Weeding in and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle shelters and breeding sites, reducing crop damage. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. This food is rich in magnesium and iron, as well as nicotinic acid. The leaves are eaten as a cooked green vegetable, have a mildly bitter taste and contain 5% protein, 6% carbohydrates and are high in vitamins A and C, calcium, phosphorus and iron. Here’s how to grow spider plants in your home! Chweya J.A. Among the Kisii it is mandatory for women to use this before and after childbirth, circumcised boys must eat it and it is served to important visitors (P Maundu et al., 1999). When leaves are cooked, mash in pot and add oil (or cow fat). Water obtained after boiling leaves is used to treat diarrhea (Luo) (P Maundu et al., 1999). Testing panels and farmers’ field schools were also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. Eggs are laid in the soil near the host plant. There, find links to more plants belonging to the same family. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of how the climate is changing is vital to anticipating its impacts. – Also to ensure that the plant is not affected by diseases one should pluck the drying leaves. List of various diseases cured by Indian Spider Plant. Usually cooked with other vegetables such as cowpeas, amaranth (Luhya, Pokot, Luo) and spider plant (Pokot). This helps controlling low, initial infestations. The harvested shoots are kept in a bag without water during the night. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools are also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. Young leaves of spider plant are widely used as spinach in Africa. Kenyan horticulturists could see a comeback in the market for aromatic herbs and this is due to two important factors: a growing demand for herbs on the export market and the agricultural reintroduction of indigenous herbal ingredients for Kenyan cuisine. 2013;60(6). This reduces the bitterness. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Indian Spider Plant. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication", "Drivers of Management of Spider Plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) Across Different Socio-linguistic Groups in Benin and Togo", "A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Launch of the spider plant project in Benin", "Better understanding of the evolution of photosynthesis with cleome research", Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, KENRICK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya. Geographical Distribution of Spider Plant in Africa. SANBI: South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa. Plants, particularly young plants, may dry out and die under heavy aphid attack. Aims: Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is one of the most important traditional vegetables in Kenya, albeit underutilized. New knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. Researchers explored the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leaf yield. Participatory varietal selection will be carried out with farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya. Objectives • Assemble a germplasm collection of 100 spider plant accessions from Africa and Asia; • Characterize and evaluate the It plays a significant role in the food and nutrition security of local communities. Not a traditional vegetable of the Central Bantu. It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. Wash the leaves with clean water and cut into small pieces. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate spider plant germplasm for agronomic traits pertinent to seed and vegetable production. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. By themselves leaves are bitter. Aphids (Myzus persicae). The flowers are rather showy, long and bearing many small white or pink flowers. When rainfall is inadequate, frequent watering is necessary during the vegetative growth period (Chweya and Mnzava,1997; Savala et al, 2003). In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Flea beetle Phyllotreta mashonana feeding on young okra pod. Traditional Food Plants in Kenya. In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is an important African leafy vegetable (ALV) that has been used by local African communities as a source of nutrition in their diets for many years.The plant has recently attracted an increasing demand for its highly nutritive and health promoting bioactive compounds important in combating malnutrition and reducing human degenerative diseases. Shallow cultivation or hand-pulling of weeds should be practised (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997) Spider plant responds well to well-decomposed manure. », Please download the factsheet with interim findings of this Applied Research Fund Call 1 project. The crop can be harvested in two ways: 1. Check the plants regularly. Weed control at early growth stages is critical. Black Button Spiders can inject strong neurotoxic venom, potentially causing heart palpitations, severe anxiety, chest pains and difficulty breathing. Organic manure is applied and worked into the soil. This page presents a representative sample of a very few Kenya plant species. The researchers assessed the quantitative variation in carotenoids, tocopherols and chlorophylls in 48 varieties. The spider plants are erect herbs growing to a height of ½ -1metre depending on management. The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. Add 1 teaspoon of salt then vegetables and boil over a medium fire for 10 minutes. Optimum yields could be obtained with an application of 20 to 30 tons of manure per hectare. Shallow planting at one cm depth and with 30 cm between rows or broadcasting followed by raking on prepared seedbeds is recommended. Small aphid populations may be relatively harmless, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi. The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. Leaves are boiled, butter added and eaten along with ugali made from finger millet flour. Aphids tend to be more common along upwind field borders and next to other leafy vegetable crops or weeds; so initial sampling should be focused in these areas. (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). CHART 11: Harvesting spider plant vegetable Spider plant is ready for harvesting starting from 45-60 days after germination. All the respondents indicated that spider plant is grown for subsistence and 70% of the farmers allocated 5-30% of their land for its cultivation. Plants do not have dense foliage, and as such are unable to compete with weeds. Aphids are a major pest, causing leaves to curl and become unattractive to customers. Topping and removing inflorescences as soon as they appear are other practices that increase leaf production for harvesting. This encourages the development of side shoots. Variation in anthocyanin November 21, 2013. After digging, the soil is harrowed to a fine tilth. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. Quick description Grown for its leaves Very nutritious vegetable Long harvesting period ... Kenya Seed Agent Application Form (809 downloads) Kenya Seed Products Catalogue (3017 downloads) Maundu, P.M., Ngugi, G.W. In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. After several successive leaf harvestings, the plants are left to flower and produce seeds. Using a separate sufuria pot fry onions till brown, add tomatoes then vegetables and 1/4 litre of thick coconut milk (or fresh cow's milk), then cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Availability: In Stock & Ready to Ship. Kenya's native plants include the Meru Oak and the Parasol Tree, both of which are threatened endemic species.The country has diversified plant life that occurs in different parts of the country from the coastal regions to the savannah grassland areas and the highland forests. They are unpleasant to look at and their webs can cause a mess. Spider plant is believed to replenish blood and therefore referred to as a "traditional meat" by some Kenyan communities (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997; Savala et al, 2003). It is therefore essential that seedbeds are kept weed-free at all times, but especially during the first six weeks. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). (AVRDC). Propagation is done by seed. Growers harvest the ripe capsules at the end of rainy season, to save seed for the next crop (AVRDC). Flea beetles are tiny to small with enlarged hindlegs that enable them to jump long distance when disturbed. Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. Mgagani (Swahili), Thageti (Kikuyu), Tsisaka (Luhya), Alot-dek (Luo), Saget (Kalenjin), Chinsaga (Kisii), Mwianzo (Kamba), Jjobyu (Luganda), Yobyu (Lusoga), African cabbage, African spider flower, African spider plant, Spider wisp, Cat's whiskers, (c) Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis, Unless otherwise stated, all content on the Infonet Biovision Website is licensed under a, General Information and Agronomic Aspects, Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Disease (TYLCV), Bio-pesticide: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), Indigenous vegetable production and utilization, Organic Resource Management in Kenya: Perspectives and Guidelines. Savala, C.E.N., Omare, M.N. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Thinning is done three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm between plants (EcoPort). Kenya Electricity Hydro-Power Generation to Fall to 45% in 2014; Kenya Ranked Eighth Largest Global Geothermal Producer; State Plans Two More Hydro-Electric Power Dams On Tana River This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:57 (UTC). Remove and destroy infested leaves. Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them. Characterization of selected spider plant accessions from Kenya and South Africa was performed in order to individuate those with distinct morphological traits for future improvement programs. Experiments were also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. This crop grows rapidly and requires weeding only in the open space between the rows. Cutting tender stems (Week 14-16): This is commonly done Pilot farmers This ensures availability of adequate soil moisture throughout the growth period. Also included under biopesticides are semiochemicals (e.g. But calledmwangani in Swahili, spider plant is highly nutritious and is well adapted to many African ecosystems. In the following morning, the shoots are dipped in water for 30 minutes. It requires exposure to sunlight and does not do well in the shade. Farmers practising organic conservation farming in Kakamega have been observed incorporating leaves and stems of bitter plants in the soil with the aim of keeping off nematodes in vegetable gardens. In Benin, Niger, Togo and Ghana, recipes and traditional uses were collected among 32 ethnic groups. It is best served with chapati, rice or ugali. The plant is either cultivated or harvested from the wild. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. Aim: Raising awareness of the nutritional characteristics of the spider plant (Cleome gynandra) and promoting its cultivation and consumption in Benin and Kenya. Ladybird beetles, lacewings, hover fly larvae, parasitic wasps and naturally occurring aphid diseases are common and effective natural enemies of aphids. (EcoPort) Seeds can be extracted when the pods are fully ripe (yellow or black), but before they open naturally. In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Dutch policy goals: Increased sustainable agricultural production; and Improved access to nutrition. This helps reduce further infestations. The species is a fast-growing vegetable and medicinal plant, rich in phytonutrients and an important source of income for some rural communities in Southern Benin. Destroy aphids by rubbing them off, or by gently pressing the infested stems or leaves between your fingers. Seeds should be kept in a dry, closed container for at least three months to reduce dormancy (AVRDC). Seeds are sown directly in a well prepared seedbed. Prof. Dorcas K. Isutsa, (Chuka University) 2. It has been reported that full-grown plants of sunnhemp placed between bags of maize have the effect of keeping away all insects. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is a clean air plant that suits any decor. – A banana plant takes around 8-12 months to reach maturity, while a fruit takes roughly 90-150 days to be ready for harvesting, the fruit is light green in color and has shiny appearance. The local names for these vegetables are chisaka, saka, thageti, esaka, chisaga and isakiat. To increase the adoption of new varieties and technologies to grow them, Hortitechs Development selected twelve pilot farmers from 3 municipalities in Benin. spider plant for Benin and Kenya markets. The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. These leaves can be dried and stored for later use, usually as a relish eaten with maize meal. The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. Conserve natural enemies. Spider plants produce a rosette of long, thin, arched foliage that is solid green or variegated with white.These easy-to-grow houseplants look especially nice in a hanging basket and were a favorite in Victorian-era households. Damage may be of importance when flea beetles are present in large numbers, especially during the seedling stage. Where possible, roots should be placed in water overnight to absorb moisture. Plants are brought to the market with their roots attached; roots are removed just before selling to maintain freshness. Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. (1997). Heavy attack on older plants may cause crop loss by decreasing flower and capsule production. Sprinkle water on heaps of produce sparingly. The country About four g of seed per m2 or 40 kg per ha are required. Onyango CM, Kunyanga CN, Ontita EG, Narla RD, Kimenju JW. Adult wingless females are oval-bodied, 1-2 mm in body length, of very variable colour. (AVRDC). Periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. Spider plant is used as a vegetable, and as such adds important nutrients to the diet in rural areas of East and Southern Africa. Uprooting (Week 11-13): This is mostly done in commercial production by uprooting the whole plant. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). "Current status on production and utilization of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) an underutilized leafy vegetable in Kenya." Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. Source PROTA. and Mnzava N.A. Experiments are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. The adults vary in colour from shiny black or metallic grey to black with yellow stripes on the wing cases. The same analysis will be conducted in 2016 for 52 varieties selected from the collections of the University of Abomey-Calavi and the KENRIK Centre for Biodiversity. In case of monocropping, which is more common, the tops are removed 10 cm from the ground. This manual is a guide in the production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production. Root infusion used for chest pain (Makueni); vegetable a cure for constipation (Luo). », ARF country workshop in Cotonou, Benin (October 29, 2016), Food & Business Applied Research Fund Call 2 projects workshop in Benin (October 26-28, 2016), First Food & Business Applied Research ARF & CRF projects workshop in Uganda (September 29, 2015), Prof. dr. ME (Eric) Schranz of Wageningen UR (June 18, 2015), ARF-1 final factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa, ARF-1 midterm factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa (Benin and Kenya), Leaflet "Contribution of spider plant home gardens to household food security and income in Southern Benin", Leaflet "Introduction of spider plant in urban and peri-urban vegetable production systems in Benin", Technical leaflet "Best agricultural practices for the cultivation of spider plant", "Association between vitamin content, plant morphology and geographical origin in a worldwide collection of the orphan crop Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Enhancing growth and leaf yield in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. Ⓒ Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis. Since the movie production companies regularly work with firms performing in the accounting- and even the household products sector they will, for a fact, be able to meet all your expectations. Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. Spider Plants for Sale Online. This project has been finalized. When raised beds are used, application of organic manure is delayed until the beds have been dug (Chweya and Mnzava,1997). and Woomer, P.L. Farmers are known to take appropriate steps to adapt only when they perceive change to be taking place. The elongate fruit resembles a pod, but is referred to as a capsule, containing many small, dark seeds. Text is … To mix with other vegetables, boil Amaranth leaves and spider plant separately. Biopesticides are derived from micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc), plants (neem, pyrethrum, etc) and natural enemies of pests (parasitoids, predators and pathogens). Variation in anthocyanin Plants require water two or three times a week. Although the plants are able to tolerate short-term drought, periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields (AVRDC). The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. Harvest the young spider plant leaves including the stem tips then remove the leaf stalks. Through this initiative, the first wide West Africa collection of the species established and Kenyan collection improved. The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. When repeated at regular intervals, this method knocks aphid populations down to acceptable levels. Covering the seedbed with a fine-mesh material is useful to protect seedlings. Aphids can be serious pests during dry weather. The first harvests consist of thinned plants. (AVRDC; Chweya and Mnzava, 1997). When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. 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